[Libwebsockets] lws_cancel_service() and libev

Olivier Langlois olivier at olivierlanglois.net
Sun Feb 16 04:00:48 CET 2020

> > - Why calling lws_cancel_service() from lws_create_context() to
> > initialize the protocols?
> If there is no network event, depending on the event loop backend
> once we return to the event loop from create context, it may never
> come back - ie, remain asleep -  to init the protocols otherwise.
> > - Why not just calling lws_protocol_init() directly instead from
> > lws_create_context()?
> IIRC the main reason is it guarantees context creation completed and
> any user code, typically in main(), that needed the context pointer
> to init things (eg, to create explicit vhosts) before starting the
> event loop has been able to get the context pointer and has
> definitely run, before protocols get their PROTOCOL_INIT to set
> themselves up on their vhosts.
> > - If protocols were initialized before exiting
> > lws_create_context(),
> > the code wouldn't have to verify the protocol initialisation from
> > various points (such as in lws_client_connect_via_info())...
> That checking a flag (in lws internal code) is not very burdensome
> and lets user code follow the convenient pattern of linearly creating
> the context and then the vhosts.
> Also in lws vhost creation and destruction is something that can
> happen dynamically too, not just at init.

thx for the explanations. I appreciate.

Note that I realize nothing is very burdensome. If I did ask is because
on the surface, making system calls and an IPC to postpone the call of
a function did not seem like the most direct way to achieve the goal.

If there exist a simpler and straighter way to achieve the same result,
my guess is that noone would object even if it improve the code just by
a little bit.

what makes me cringe is calling lws_cancel_service() even before it has
started. Maybe it is just me, it feels wrong in my stomach... but don't
worry if you don't feel the same. It is not a big deal.

It is just a semantic issue. For the non-initiaed, it makes you wonder
why the wait cancel handling code is inialising the protocol but the
end result is perfect.

So, what I understand from your explanations is this:

1. lws_protocol_init() has to be called from the service thread.
2. User code could have things to do between the context creation and
servicing it that are required by protocol initialisation.

Then why not calling lws_protocol_init() from inside lws_service()?


        if (!pt->service_tid_detected) {
                struct lws _lws;

                memset(&_lws, 0, sizeof(_lws));
                _lws.context = context;

                pt->service_tid = context->vhost_list-
                                        NULL, NULL, 0);
                pt->service_tid_detected = 1;
        	if (!context->protocol_init_done)

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