Lightweight C library for HTML5 websockets
Using UDP in lws

UDP is supported in lws... the quickest way is to use the api lws_create_adopt_udp() which returns a wsi bound to the provided vhost, protocol, lws_retry struct, dns address and port.

The wsi can be treated normally and lws_write() used to write on it.

Implementing UDP retries

Retries are important in udp but there's no standardized ack method unlike tcp. Lws allows you to bind an lws_retry struct describing the policy to the udp wsi, but since one UDP socket may have many transactions in flight, the lws_sul and uint16_t to count the retries must live in the user's transaction object like this

lws_sorted_usec_list_t sul;
uint16_t retry;

in the LWS_CALLBACK_RAW_WRITEABLE callback, before doing the write, set up the retry like this

if (lws_dll2_is_detached(&transaction->sul_write.list) &&
lws_retry_sul_schedule_retry_wsi(wsi, &transaction->sul_write,
&transaction->retry_count_write)) {
/* we have reached the end of our concealed retries */
lwsl_warn("%s: concealed retries done, failing\n", __func__);
goto retry_conn;

This manages the retry counter in the transaction object, guards against it wrapping, selects the timeout using the policy bound to the wsi, and sets the lws_sul in the transaction object to call the given callback if the sul time expires.

In the callback, it should simply call lws_callback_on_writable() for the udp wsi.

Simulating packetloss

You can simulate udp packetloss at tx and rx by using the Fault Injection apis with the well-known fault names "udp_tx_loss" and "udp_rx_loss", typically with the probabilistic setting, in commandline format something like --fault-injection "wsi/udp_tx_loss(10%)"